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Faculty of Biology, Chemistry & Earth Sciences

Cell Biology & Electron Microscopy – Prof. Dr. Benedikt Westermann / Prof. Dr. Stefan Geimer / Dr. Till Klecker

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Publications Benedikt Westermann

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90. Klecker, T. and Westermann, B. (2022). Mitochondrial shape alteration by metabolites. Nat. Cell Biol. 24:410-412 (News & Views). PubMed.

89. Klecker, T. and Westermann, B. (2021). Pathways shaping the mitochondrial inner membrane. Open Biol. 11:210238 (Review). https://doi.org/10.1098/rsob.210238

88. Schlagowski, A.M., Knöringer, K., Morlot, S., Sánchez Vicente, A., Flohr, T., Krämer, L., Boos, F., Khalid, N., Ahmed, S., Schramm, J., Murschall, L.M., Haberkant, P., Stein, F., Riemer, J., Westermann, B., Braun, R.J., Winklhofer, K.F., Charvin, G., and Herrmann, J.M. (2021). Increased levels of mitochondrial import factor Mia40 prevent the aggregation of polyQ proteins in the cytosol. EMBO J. 40:e107913. http://doi.org/10.15252/embj.2021107913

87. Klecker, T. and Westermann, B. (2021). Mitochondria are mixed during cell division. Nature 591:535-537. http://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-021-00511-3 (News & Views).

86. Stenger, M., Le, D.T., Klecker, T., and Westermann, B. (2020). Systematic analysis of nuclear gene function in respiratory growth and expression of the mitochondrial genome in S. cerevisiae. Microbial Cell 7:234-249. PubMed.

85. Klecker, T. and Westermann, B. (2020). Asymmetric inheritance of mitochondria in yeast. Biol. Chem. 401:779-791 (Review). PubMed.

84. Rampello, N.G., Stenger, M., Westermann, B., and Osiewacz, H.D. (2018). Impact of F1Fo-ATP-synthase dimer assembly factors on mitochondrial function and organismic aging. Microbial Cell 5:198-207. PubMed.

83. Carmona-Gutierrez, D., (...) Westermann, B., (...), Madeo, F. (2018). Guidelines and recommendations on yeast cell death nomenclature. Microbial Cell 5:4-31 (Review with 87 authors). PubMed.

82. Singhal, R.K., Kruse, C., Heidler, J., Strecker, V., Zwicker, K., Düsterwald, L., Westermann, B., Herrmann, J.M., Wittig, I., and Rapaport, D. (2017). Coi1 is a novel assembly factor of the yeast complex III-complex IV supercomplex. Mol. Biol. Cell 28:2609–2622

81. Klecker, T., Braun, R.J., and Westermann, B. (2017). Lipid droplets guard mitochondria during autophagy. Dev. Cell 42:1-2 (Preview). PubMed.

80. Böckler, S., Chelius, X., Hock, N., Klecker, T., Wolter, M., Weiss, M., Braun, R.J., and Westermann, B. (2017). Fusion, fission and transport control asymmetric inheritance of mitochondria and protein aggregates. J. Cell Biol. . PubMed.

79. Braun, R.J. and Westermann, B. (2017). With the help of MOM: mitochondrial contributions to cellular quality control. Trends Cell Biol. 27:441-452 (Review). PubMed.

78. Unger, A.K., Geimer, S., Harner, M., Neupert, W., and Westermann, B. (2017). Analysis of yeast mitochondria by electron microscopy. Methods Mol. Biol. 1567:293-314. PubMed.

77. Harner, M.E., Unger, A.K., Geerts, W.J.C., Mari, M., Izawa, T., Stenger, M., Geimer, S., Reggiori, F., Westermann, B., and Neupert, W. (2016). An evidence based hypothesis on the existence of two pathways of mitochondrial cristae formation. eLife, e18853. PubMed.

76. Sinzel, M., Tan, T., Wendling, P., Kalbacher, H., Özbalci, C., Chelius, X., Westermann, B., Brügger, B., Rapaport, D., and Dimmer, K.S. (2016). Mcp3 is a novel mitochondrial outer membrane protein that follows a unique IMP-dependent biogenesis pathway. EMBO Rep. 17:965-981. PubMed.

75. Klionsky, D.J., (...), Böckler, S., (...), Westermann, B., et al. (2016). Guidelines for the use and interpretation of assays for monitoring autophagy (3rd edition). Autophagy 12:1-222. (Editorial with ca. 2,000 authors) Publisher's site; PubMed.

74. Klecker, T., Wemmer, M., Haag, M., Weig, A., Böckler, S., Langer, T., Nunnari, J., and Westermann, B. (2015). Interaction of MDM33 with mitochondrial inner membrane homeostasis pathways in yeast. Sci. Rep. 5:18344. Free Full Text; PubMed.

73. Westermann, B. (2015). The mitochondria-plasma membrane contact site. Curr. Opin. Cell Biol. 35:1-6. PubMed; Science Direct.

72. Ackema, K.B., Hench, J., Böckler, S., Wang, S.C., Sauder, U., Mergentaler, H., Westermann, B., Bard, F., Frank, S., and Spang, A. (2014). The small GTPase Arf1 modulates mitochondrial morphology and function. EMBO J. 33:2659-2675. PubMed; publisher's site.

Have you seen? Rabouille, C. (2014). Old dog, new tricks: Arf1 required for mitochondria homeostasis. EMBO J. DOI 10.15252/embj.201489899. Publisher' site.

71. Klecker, T. and Westermann, B. (2014). Mitochondria are clamped to vacuoles for lipid transport. Dev. Cell 30:1-2 (Preview). PubMed.

70. Böckler, S. and Westermann, B. (2014). ER-mitochondria contacts as sites of mitophagosome formation. Autophagy 10:1346-1347 (Autophagic Punctum). PubMed.

69. Klecker, T., Böckler, S., and Westermann, B. (2014). Making connections: interorganelle contacts orchestrate mitochondrial behavior. Trends Cell Biol. 24:537-545 (Review). PubMed; publisher's site; ScienceDirect.

Chosen as one of the Top 10 Editorial Board Favorites for 2014.

68. Harner, M., Unger, A.-K., Izawa, T., Walther, D., Özbalci, C., Geimer, S., Reggiori, F., Brügger, B., Mann, M., Westermann, B., and Neupert, W. (2014). Aim24 and MICOS modulate respiratory function, tafazzin-related cardiolipin modification and mitochondrial architecture. eLife, 3:e01684. PubMed.

67. Pfanner, N., van der Laan, M., Amati, P., Capaldi, R.A., Caudy, A.A., Chacinska, A., Darshi, M., Deckers, M., Hoppins, S., Icho, T., Jakobs, S., Ji, J., Kozjak-Pavlovic, V., Meisinger, C., Odgren, P.R., Park, S.K., Rehling, P., Reichert, A.S., Sheikh, M.S., Taylor, S.S., Tsuchida, N., van der Bliek, A.M., van der Klei, I.J., Weissman, J.S., Westermann, B., Zha, J., Neupert, W., and Nunnari, J. (2014). Uniform nomenclature for the mitochondrial contact site and cristae organizing system. J. Cell Biol. 204:1083-1086 (Comment). PubMed.

66. Böckler, S. and Westermann, B. (2014). Mitochondrial ER contacts are crucial for mitophagy in yeast. Dev. Cell 28:450-458. PubMed; publisher's site.

65. Westermann, B. (2014). Mitochondrial inheritance in yeast. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1837:1039-1046 (Review). PubMed; publisher's site (free full text).

64. Scholz, D., Förtsch, J., Böckler, S., Klecker, T., and Westermann, B. (2013). Analyzing membrane dynamics with live cell fluorescence microscopy with a focus on yeast mitochondria. Methods Mol. Biol. 1033:275-283. PubMed.

63. Klecker, T., Scholz, D., Förtsch, J., and Westermann, B. (2013). The yeast cell cortical protein Num1 integrates mitochondrial dynamics into cellular architecture. J. Cell Sci. 126:2924-2930. PubMed; Abstract; Supplements.

In this issue: The ties that bind: Num1 anchors mitochondria to the cell cortex, J. Cell Sci. 126: e1304.

62. Scholz, D. and Westermann, B. (2013). Mitochondrial fusion in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii zygotes. Eur. J. Cell Biol. 92:80-86. PubMed.

61. Hummel, E., Guttmann, P., Werner, S., Tarek, B., Schneider, G., Kunz, M., Frangakis, A.S., and Westermann, B. (2012). 3D ultrastructural organization of whole Chlamydomonas reinhardtii cells studied by nanoscale soft X-ray tomography. PLoS ONE 7:e53293. PubMed; Full text.

60. Connerth, M., Tatsuta, T., Haag, M., Klecker, T., Westermann, B., and Langer, T. (2012). Intramitochondrial transport of a phosphatidic acid in yeast by a lipid transfer protein. Science 338:815-818. PubMed.

Pressemitteilung (German): PDF

59. Herzig, S., Raemy, E., Montessuit, S., Veuthey, J.L., Zamboni, N., Westermann, B., Kunji, E.R.S., and Martinou, J.C. (2012). Identification and functional expression of the mitochondrial pyruvate carrier. Science 337:93-96. PubMed.

Perspective: Divakaruni, A.S. and Murphy, A.N. (2012). A mitochondrial mystery, solved. Science 337:41-43. Summary.

58. Westermann, B. (2012). Bioenergetic role of mitochondrial fusion and fission. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1817:1833-1838. (Review). PubMed; publisher's site (free full text).

57. Westermann, B. (2011). Organelle dynamics: ER embraces mitochondria for fission. Curr. Biol. 21:R922-R924. (Dispatch). PubMed.

56. Hoppins, S., Collins, S.R., Cassidy-Stone, A., Hummel, E., DeVay, R.M., Lackner, L.L., Westermann, B., Schuldiner, M., Weissman, J.S., and Nunnari, J. (2011). A mitochondrial-focused genetic interaction map reveals a scaffold-like complex required for inner membrane organization in mitochondria. J. Cell Biol. 195:323-340. PubMed.

In Focus: Short, B. (2011). Locating a mitochondrial scaffold on the map. J. Cell Biol. 195:167. Full text.

55. Braun, R.J. and Westermann, B. (2011). Mitochondrial dynamics in yeast cell death and aging. Biochem. Soc. Trans. 39:1520-1526 (Review). PubMed.

54. Förtsch, J., Hummel, E., Krist, M., and Westermann, B. (2011). The myosin-related motor protein Myo2 is an essential mediator of bud-directed mitochondrial movement in yeast. J. Cell Biol. 194:473-488. PubMed.

53. Westermann, B. (2010). Mitochondrial fusion and fission in cell life and death. Nat. Rev. Mol. Cell Biol. 11:872-884 (Review). PubMed.

52. Hammermeister, M., Schödel, K., and Westermann, B. (2010). Mdm36 is a mitochondrial fission-promoting protein in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol. Biol. Cell, 21:2443-2452. PubMed.

51. Westermann, B. (2010). Mitochondrial dynamics in model organisms: What yeasts, worms and flies have taught us about fusion and fission of mitochondria. Semin. Cell Dev. Biol. 21:542-549 (Review). PubMed.

Cover: Semin. Cell Dev. Biol. 21(6)

50. Ehses, S., Raschke, I., Mancuso, G., Bernacchia, A., Geimer, S., Tondera, D., Martinou, J.-C., Westermann, B., Rugarli, E.I., and Langer, T. (2009). Regulation of OPA1 processing and mitochondrial fusion by m-AAA protease isoenzymes and OMA1. J. Cell Biol. 187:1023-1036. PubMed.

In Focus: Short, B. (2009). Mitochondrial proteases strike the right balance. J. Cell Biol. 187:937. Full text.

49. Merz, S. and Westermann, B. (2009). Genome-wide deletion mutant analysis reveals genes required for respiratory growth, mitochondrial genome maintenance and mitochondrial protein synthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Genome Biology 10:R95. PubMed.

48. Longen, S., Bien, M., Bihlmaier, K., Kloeppel, C., Kauff, F., Hammermeister, M., Westermann, B., Herrmann, J.M., and Riemer, J. (2009). Systematic analysis of the twin Cx9C protein family. J. Mol. Biol. 393:356-368. PubMed.

47. Westermann, B. (2009). Nitric oxide links mitochondrial fission to Alzheimer's disease. Sci. Signal. 2: pe29 (Perspective). PubMed. Full text and PDF file is available here.

46. Osman, C., Haag, M., Potting, C., Rodenfels, J., Dip, P.V., Wieland, F.T., Brügger, B., Westermann, B., and Langer, T. (2009). The genetic interactome of prohibitins: Coordinated control of cardiolipin and phosphatidylethanolamine by conserved regulators in mitochondria. J. Cell Biol. 184:583-596. PubMed.

Comment: Gohil, V.M. and Greenberg, M.L.. (2009). Mitochondrial membrane biogenesis: phospholipids and proteins go hand in hand. J. Cell Biol. 184:469-472. Abstract.

45. Westermann, B. (2008). Molecular machinery of mitochondrial fusion and fission. J. Biol. Chem. 283:13501-13505 (Review). PubMed.

44. Altmann, K., Frank, M., Neumann, D., Jakobs, S., and Westermann, B. (2008). The class V myosin motor protein, Myo2, plays a major role in mitochondrial motility in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J. Cell Biol. 181:119-130. PubMed.

In this issue: Leslie, M. (2008). Hauling tail. J. Cell Biol. 181:3. Full text.

Comment: Valiathan, R.R. and Weisman, L.S. (2008). Pushing for answers: is myosin V directly involved in moving mitochondria? J. Cell Biol. 181:15-18. Abstract.

43. Merkwirth, C., Dargazanli, S., Tatsuta, T., Geimer, S., Löwer, B., Wunderlich, F.T., von Kleist-Retzow, J.C., Waisman, A., Westermann, B., and Langer, T. (2008). Prohibitins control cell proliferation and apoptosis by regulating OPA1-dependent cristae morphogenesis in mitochondria. Genes Dev. 22:476-488. PubMed.

42. Westermann, B. (2007). Focus on mitochondria: introducing a new series in Trends in Cell Biology. Trends Cell Biol. 17:417-418 (Editorial Letter). PubMed.

41. Merz, S., Hammermeister, M., Altmann, K., Dürr, M. and Westermann, B. (2007). Molecular machinery of mitochondrial dynamics in yeast. Biol. Chem. 388:917-926 (Review). PubMed.

40. Altmann, K., Dürr, M. and Westermann, B. (2007). Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a model organism to study mitochondrial biology – general considerations and basic procedures. Methods Mol. Biol. 372:81-90 (Review). PubMed.

39. Herrmann, J.M. and Westermann, B. (2007). Analysis of protein-protein interactions in mitochondria. Methods Cell Biol. 80:743-759 (Review). PubMed.

38. Sanjuán-Sklarz, L.K., Kozjak-Pavlovic, V., Vögtle, F.N., Chacinska, A., Milenkovic, D., Vogel, S., Dürr, M., Westermann, B., Guiard, B., Martinou, J.C., Borner, C., Pfanner, N., and Meisinger, C. (2007). Preprotein transport machineries of yeast mitochondrial outer membrane are not required for Bax-induced release of intermembrane space proteins. J. Mol. Biol., 368:44-54. PubMed.

37. Dürr, M., Escobar-Henriques, M., Merz, S., Geimer, S., Langer, T., and Westermann, B. (2006). Non-redundant roles of mitochondria-associated F-box proteins, Mfb1 and Mdm30, in maintenance of mitochondrial morphology in yeast. Mol. Biol. Cell 17:3745-3755. PubMed.

36. Escobar-Henriques, M., Westermann, B., and Langer, T. (2006). Regulation of mitochondrial fusion by the F-box protein Mdm30 involves proteasome-independent turnover of Fzo1. J. Cell Biol. 173:645-650. PubMed.

35. Westermann, B. and Scorrano, L. (2006). Mitochondrial dynamics in cell life and death. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1763: 413. Editorial Letter for Special Review Issue.

34. Altmann, K. and Westermann, B. (2005). Role of essential genes in mitochondrial morphogenesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol. Biol. Cell 16:5410-5417. PubMed.

33. Jagasia, R., Grote, P., Westermann, B., and Conradt, B. (2005). DRP-1-mediated mitochondrial fragmentation during EGL-1-induced cell death in C. elegans. Nature 433:754-760. PubMed.

News and views: Hengartner, M. (2005). Divide and conquer. Nature 433:692-694. PubMed.

Previews: Youle, R.J. (2005). Morphology of mitochondria during apoptosis: Worms-to-beetles in worms. Dev. Cell 8:298-299. PubMed.

32. Dimmer, K.S., Jakobs, S., Vogel, F., Altmann, K., and Westermann, B. (2005). Mdm31 and Mdm32 are inner membrane proteins required for maintenance of mitochondrial shape and stability of mitochondrial DNA nucleoids in yeast. J. Cell Biol. 168:103-115. PubMed.

31. Fuchs, F. and Westermann, B. (2005). Role of Unc104/KIF1-related motor proteins in mitochondrial transport in Neurospora crassa. Mol. Biol. Cell 16:153-161. PubMed.

30. Westermann, B. (2003). Mitochondrial membrane fusion. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1641: 195-202 (Review). PubMed.

29. Jakobs, S., Martini, N., Schauss, A., Egner, F., Westermann, B., and Hell, S.W. (2003). Spatial and temporal dynamics of budding yeast mitochondria lacking the division component Fis1p. J. Cell Sci. 116: 2005-2014. PubMed.

28. Fritz, S., Weinbach, N., and Westermann, B. (2003). Mdm30 is an F-box protein required for maintenance of fusion-competent mitochondria in yeast. Mol. Biol. Cell 14: 2303-2313. PubMed.

27. Westermann, B. and Neupert, W. (2003). 'Omics' of the mitochondrion. Nature Biotechnol. 21: 239-240 (News and Views). PubMed.

26. Messerschmitt, M., Jakobs, S., Vogel, F., Fritz, S., Dimmer, K.S., Neupert, W., and Westermann, B. (2003). The inner membrane protein Mdm33 controls mitochondrial morphology in yeast. J. Cell Biol. 160: 553-564. PubMed.

25. Westermann, B. (2002). Merging mitochondria matters. Cellular role and molecular machinery of mitochondrial fusion. EMBO Rep. 3: 527-531 (Review). PubMed.

Cover: EMBO Rep. 3 (6)

24. Dimmer, K.S. and Westermann, B. (2002). Solo or networked, mitochondria lead a complex life. In The ELSO Gazette: e-magazine of the European Life Scientist Organization. Issue 11, October, 2002 (News and Views). PDF.

23. Westermann, B. and Prokisch, H. (2002). Mitochondrial dynamics in filamentous fungi. Fungal Genet. Biol. 36: 91-97 (Review). PubMed.

22. Prokisch, H., Nussberger, S., and Westermann, B. (2002). Protein import into mitochondria of Neurospora crassa. Fungal Genet. Biol. 36: 85-90 (Review). PubMed.

Cover: Fungal Genet. Biol. 36 (2)

21. Fuchs, F., Prokisch, H., Neupert, W., and Westermann, B. (2002). Interaction of mitochondria with microtubules in the filamentous fungus Neurospora crassa. J. Cell Sci. 115: 1931-1937. PubMed.

20. Dimmer, K.S., Fritz, S., Fuchs, F., Messerschmitt, M., Weinbach, N., Neupert, W., and Westermann, B. (2002). Genetic basis of mitochondrial function and morphology in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol. Biol. Cell 13: 847-853. PubMed.

Cover: Mol. Biol. Cell 13 (4); About the Cover.

19. Lutz, T., Westermann, B., Neupert, W., and Herrmann, J.M. (2001). The mitochondrial proteins Ssq1 and Jac1 are required for the assembly of iron sulfur clusters in mitochondria. J. Mol. Biol. 307: 815-825. PubMed.

18. Fritz, S., Rapaport, D., Klanner, E., Neupert, W., and Westermann, B. (2001). Connection of the mitochondrial outer and inner membranes by Fzo1 is critical for organellar fusion. J. Cell Biol. 152: 683-692. PubMed.

Editors' choice: Highlights of the recent literature. (2001). Science 291: 1667.

17. Westermann, B., Herrmann, J.M., and Neupert, W. (2001). Analysis of mitochondrial translation products in vivo and in organello in yeast. Methods Cell Biol. 65: 429-438 (Review). PubMed.

16. Herrmann, J.M., Westermann, B., and Neupert, W. (2001). Analysis of protein-protein interactions in mitochondria by co-immunoprecipitation and chemical cross-linking. Methods Cell Biol. 65: 217-230 (Review). PubMed.

15. Westermann, B. and Neupert, W. (2000). Mitochondria-targeted green fluorescent proteins: convenient tools for the study of organelle biogenesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Yeast 16: 1421-1427. PubMed. Sequence information for mtGFP plasmids

Logo addgene

mtGFP plasmids described in this paper can be obtained from Addgene.
Find Benedikt Westermann lab plasmids: http://www.addgene.org/Benedikt_Westermann

14. Prokisch, H., Neupert, W., and Westermann, B. (2000). Role of MMM1 in maintaining mitochondrial morphology in Neurospora crassa. Mol. Biol. Cell 11: 2961-2971. PubMed.

13. Weber, T., Parlati, F., McNew, J.A., Johnston, R.J., Westermann, B., Söllner, T.H., and Rothman, J.E. (2000). SNAREpins are functionally resistant to disruption by NSF and aSNAP. J. Cell Biol. 149: 1063-1072. PubMed.

12. Duchniewicz, M., Germaniuk, A., Westermann, B., Neupert, W., Schwarz, E., and Marszalek, J. (1999). Dual role of the mitochondrial chaperone Mdj1p in inheritance of mitochondrial DNA in yeast. Mol. Cell. Biol. 19: 8201-8210. PubMed.

11. Parlati, F., Weber, T., McNew, J.A., Westermann, B., Söllner, T.H., and Rothman, J.E. (1999). Rapid and efficient fusion of phospholipid vesicles by the a-helical core of a SNARE complex in the absence of an N-terminal regulatory domain. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96: 12565-12570. PubMed.

Commentary: Bock, J.B. and Scheller, R.H. (1999). SNARE proteins mediate lipid bilayer fusion. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96: 12227-12229. PubMed.

10. Rapaport, D., Brunner, M., Neupert, W., and Westermann, B. (1998). Fzo1p is a mitochondrial outer membrane protein essential for the biogenesis of functional mitochondria in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J. Biol. Chem. 273: 20150-20155. PubMed.

9. Weber, T., Zemelman, B.V., McNew, J.A., Westermann, B., Gmachl, M., Parlati, F., Söllner, T.H., and Rothman, J.E. (1998). SNAREpins: Minimal machinery for membrane fusion. Cell 92: 759-772. PubMed.

Cover: Cell 92 (6).

News and views: Jahn, R. and Hanson, P.I. (1998). SNAREs line up in new environment. Nature 393: 14-15. PubMed.

8. Westermann, B. and Neupert, W. (1997). Mdj2p, a novel DnaJ homolog in the mitochondrial inner membrane of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J. Mol. Biol. 272: 477-483. PubMed.

7. Westermann, B., Gaume, B., Herrmann, J.M., Neupert, W., and Schwarz, E. (1996). Role of the mitochondrial DnaJ homolog Mdj1p as a chaperone for mitochondrially synthesized and imported proteins. Mol. Cell. Biol. 16: 7063-7071. PubMed.

6. Schneider, H.-C., Westermann, B., Neupert, W., and Brunner, M. (1996). The nucleotide exchange factor MGE exerts a key function in the ATP-dependent cycle of mt-Hsp70—Tim44 interaction driving mitochondrial protein import. EMBO J. 15: 5796-5803. PubMed.

5. Prip-Buus, C., Westermann, B., Schmitt, M., Langer, T., Neupert, W., and Schwarz, E. (1996). Role of the mitochondrial DnaJ homologue, Mdj1p, in the prevention of heat-induced protein aggregation. FEBS Lett. 380: 142-146. PubMed.

4. Westermann, B., Prip-Buus, C., Neupert, W., and Schwarz, E. (1995). The role of the GrpE homologue, Mge1p, in mediating protein import and folding in mitochondria. EMBO J. 14: 3452-3460. PubMed.

3. Rowley, N., Prip-Buus, C., Westermann, B., Brown, C., Schwarz, E., Barrell, B., and Neupert, W. (1994). Mdj1p, a novel chaperone of the DnaJ family, is involved in mitochondrial biogenesis and protein folding. Cell 77: 249-259. PubMed.

2. Schwarz, E., Westermann, B., Caplan, A.J., Ludwig, G., and Neupert, W. (1994). XDJ1, a gene encoding a novel non-essential DnaJ homologue from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Gene 145: 121-124. PubMed.

1. Schumacher, A., Westermann, B., Osborn, M., and Nordheim, A. (1994). The N-terminal signal peptide of murine cyclophilin mCyP-S1 is required in vivo for ER localization. Eur. J. Cell Biol. 62: 182-191. PubMed.

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